Significance of Asset Allocation in Investment Strategy

What is Asset Allocation?

Asset allocation is the process of strategically distributing your investments across various asset classes to optimise returns while considering your financial objectives and risk tolerance. By not putting all your eggs in one basket, you diversify risk and have a better chance of achieving more stable returns over time.

Key Components of Asset Allocation:
  1. Stocks: These represent ownership in companies. While they can offer high returns, they also come with higher volatility. Ideal for investors with a longer time horizon and higher risk tolerance.
  2. Bonds: These are debt instruments. Bonds tend to be less volatile than stocks and provide regular income, making them suitable for conservative investors or those nearing retirement.
  3. Cash or Cash Equivalents: This includes money market funds or other short-term instruments. They offer liquidity and safety but generate lower returns.
  4. Others: This category encompasses a range of assets that don't fit neatly into the above three categories. Examples might include real estate, commodities like gold, or alternative investments. They can provide diversification benefits.
  5. Not Classified: These are assets that don't fit into any of the standard categories, like delisted stocks. They might be unique or rare assets and might not be easily traded.

The client's portfolio is heavily tilted towards stocks (93%), suggesting a high-risk, high-reward strategy. While the 'Others' category (6%) provides some diversification, there's minimal cushion against stock market volatility with just 0.1% in cash.
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